FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享ChinaDialogue.net:If Angela Merkel is to win another term in Germany’s upcoming election on September 24, then winning the western state of North-Rhine/Westphalia (NRW) will be essential.NRW is the country’s most populous state, making up a fifth of the electorate. It’s also the epicentre of another political tussle: What to do about Germany’s coal sector?The state is the historic heart of Germany’s industry; an industry that is largely powered by coal. NRW sits atop Europe’s biggest lignite coal region, and despite Germany’s rapid adoption of renewables, NRW still generates 75% of its electricity from coal, making it responsible for almost 1% of global annual greenhouse gas emissions.So it’s no surprise that the Rhineland coalfields near Cologne have become a hot spot for climate activists in the past few years. Internationally, Germany is well-known for its Energiewende energy policy, a transition away from nuclear and fossil fuels to renewables. But despite the aggressive push toward renewables, coal remains central to Germany’s power supply. In recent years, electricity production from coal has hardly fallen, unlike in other developed countries such as the UK and US. In fact, lignite coal provided 23% of gross power production in 2016, and hard coal 17%.Some critics argue that coal still dominates Germany’s power generation because the country has chosen to phase-out nuclear power, with the remaining plants to shut by 2022. In the aftermath of the Fukushima disaster in Japan, around a dozen new coal plants opened in Germany.What’s missing from reports about the alleged “German coal renaissance” though is that Germany’s coal surge was part of a Europe-wide trend, and not just a reaction to the nuclear phase-out. Construction of many of the plants started long before the meltdown in Fukushima.German utilities began abandoning coal projects around 2011 for the simple reason that there was no demand for them. By then, it was clear that renewables growth had been underestimated. Investors cancelled two dozen projects. The surge in wind and solar power combined with on-going coal power production led to an oversupply of electricity. As a result, power exports hit a record high by 2016. Almost 8% of electricity generated in Germany last year was used in neighbouring countries.These developments have led to the so-called “Energiewende paradox”: Germany’s rapid development of renewable power has barely dented carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions even though electricity generated from renewables has more than replaced nuclear power.The result is that Germany’s greenhouse gas emissions actually increased in 2016, and are expected to grow even more in 2017.This begs the question: how will Germany kick its coal habit?To get back on track with climate targets, Agora Energiewend is calling for Germany to adopt an emergency “Climate Protection 2020” programme as soon as possible after the federal elections this month.And some utilities are already shutting down old coal plants for economic reasons. The power company STEAG, for instance, will decommission five coal-fired units because of low wholesale electricity prices. Other companies are hoping that a political agreement on phasing-out coal power will be sweetened by financial benefits for those shutting down plants.An EU agreement on stricter pollution standards for existing power plants starting in 2021 will also factor into plans for a phase-out. Notably, the German government voted against these stricter standards.Gerard Wynn from the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) estimates that Germany has many gigawatts of coal and lignite generating capacity above the new limits. Owners are facing multiple headwinds: competition with renewables, sluggish power demand growth, and carbon emissions targets. Owners will have to decide whether to retrofit or close their plants. “Utilities may use this opportunity to close or sell certain coal plants before the new standard is implemented in 2021,” he said.Germany’s current government coalition has avoided specific discussion of a coal phase-out. But there are signs that preparations for one are underway.More: Future of Germany’s coal sector hangs on elections On the Blogs: The German Transition
Loading… Toffees staff are also in isolation as a “precautionary measure” following medical advice, with the club’s Finch Farm training ground, it’s Goodison Park stadium and its headquarters at the Royal Liver Building in Liverpool City Centre being closed down. A club statement read: “Everton Football Club can confirm that, as a precautionary measure, its entire first-team squad and coaching staff are undertaking a period of self-isolation following medical advice. “The step has been taken after a first-team player reported symptoms consistent with coronavirus. The Club is in regular contact with the player in question and is monitoring the wellbeing of all players and staff. “The health, welfare and safety of all Everton players, staff and stakeholders is the Club’s absolute priority.Advertisement “Therefore, the Club has taken the decision to close down all Everton workplaces including USM Finch Farm, Goodison Park and its headquarters at the Royal Liver Building in Liverpool City Centre. “The Club’s retail store at Goodison Park will also close but its Liverpool ONE store is unaffected and will remain open. Read Also:Everton boss keen for Baines to sign new contract “Everton will continue to adhere to UK Government and Public Health guidelines with regards to the closure of its facilities and wellbeing of staff and will be discussing next steps with regards to upcoming fixtures with the Premier League on Friday morning. “Further updates will be provided in due course, including guidance relating to forthcoming fixtures.” FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Everton’s squad is now in isolation after a first-team player reported symptoms consistent with coronavirus. Promoted Content5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme ParksWhat Happens When You Eat Eggs Every Single Day?18 Cities With Neverending Tourist-Flow8 Scenes That Prove TV Has Gone Too FarA Soviet Shot Put Thrower’s Record Hasn’t Been Beaten To This Day8 Amazing Facts About Ancient Egypt8 Fascinating Facts About Coffee7 Reasons Why You Might Want To Become A Vegetarian7 Universities Where Getting An Education Costs A Hefty PennyThe Highest Paid Football Players In The World7 Of The Wealthiest Universities In The World10 Risky Jobs Some Women Do
Argonauts Set to Host Region Tournaments PENSACOLA, Fla. – The road to the NCAA Division II Men’s and Women’s Tennis National Championships will begin this weekend at the Ralph “Skeeter” Carson Tennis Complex. On Wednesday, it was announced that West Florida will be one of two schools in the south region to host the first two rounds of the national tournament. The men’s and women’s team will both host their region tournament on Thursday and Friday, May 3-4. This is the ninth consecutive season that the men’s and women’s teams will host the first two rounds of the national tournament. In men’s action, top-ranked and top-seed West Florida (23-3) will face fourth-seed Alabama-Huntsville. If the Argonauts win, they will advance to Saturday’s regional final against the winner of the Delta State/North Alabama match. On the women’s side, top-seed and fifth-ranked West Florida (17-6) will host Tuskegee. A victory would advance the Argonauts to the regional finals against the winner of the North Alabama-Harding match. Both men’s and women’s matches on Thursday will begin at 10 a.m. The finals matches are scheduled for 2 p.m. on Friday. Print Friendly Version Share
By Ed OsmondLONDON, England (Reuters) – New England captain Joe Root rode his luck to make a battling unbeaten 184 and lift the hosts to a commanding 357 for five on the opening day of the first Test against South Africa at Lord’s yesterday.Root, dropped twice, and Ben Stokes (56) shared a fifth-wicket partnership of 114 to dig England out of a deep hole after they had stumbled to 82 for four at lunch having won the toss in excellent batting conditions.The skipper reached his 12th Test century by sweeping spinner Keshav Maharaj for three, raising his bat to all corners of a sun-kissed home of cricket as a packed crowd rose to applaud him.Root emulated the feat of the last three England Test captains, Alastair Cook, Kevin Pietersen and Andrew Strauss, in scoring a hundred in his first game in charge but his day had not started well.South Africa fast bowler Vernon Philander dismissed openers Alastair Cook (three) and Keaton Jennings (eight), forcing Root to stride out to the middle with his team reeling at 17 for two.The 26-year-old struggled to find his usual fluency against a disciplined South Africa pace attack and, on 16, he was dropped at gully off Kagiso Rabada shortly after offering a much more difficult chance to fine leg.Gary Ballance made a scratchy 20 before he was trapped lbw by Morne Morkel and Jonny Bairstow fell lbw to Philander for 10.Root and Stokes batted watchfully in the afternoon session, accumulating runs with careful placement.Stokes did advance down the wicket to lift Maharaj over long-on for six but the firebrand all-rounder also enjoyed a stroke of luck when he was bowled by a Morkel no-ball.Root reached 50 off 89 balls and slowly began to find his usual sweet timing as the South African bowlers tired in the warm conditions.Stokes got to his half-century shortly before tea but he fell soon after the interval, nicking a bouncer from Rabada through to de Kock.After passing his century, Root lit up the ground with crisp punches through mid-wicket and square drives but he had another reprieve on 149 when he was stumped off a no-ball from Maharaj.He struck 26 fours and one six, sharing an unbroken partnership of 167 with Moeen Ali, who finished on 61 not out, as runs flowed in the evening sunshine with England on top at the start of the four-Test series.ENGLAND 1st inningsA. Cook c de Kock b Philander 3K. Jennings lbw b Philander 8G. Ballance lbw b M. Morkel 20J. Root not out 184J. Bairstow lbw b Philander 10B. Stokes c de Kock b Rabada 56M. Ali not out 61Extras: (lb-2, nb-13) 15Total: (for 5 wickets, 87 overs) 357Fall of wickets: 1-14, 2-17, 3-49, 4-76, 5-190.Bowling: M. Morkel 16-1-64-1 (nb-6), V. Philander 16-2-46-3 (nb-5), K. Rabada 23-4-94-1 (nb-1), K. Maharaj 22-1-107-0 (nb-1), T. de Bruyn 5-1-30-0, T. Bavuma 5-0-14-0.